The game of badminton originated in Siam, China over 2,000 years ago. It was brought to
England in 1870 and was played somewhat like tennis. After being played in Canada,
badminton arrived in America and has been popular since 1929. Since 1992, badminton has
been an Olympic sport, with bird speeds reaching 100 m.p.h.

CountryAll Country
YearAll Years

Badminton is played as a single or doubles game with one or two players on a side. The object
of the game is to hit the shuttlecock or “bird” back and forth with a racket across a net five feet
high at its center. So the bird should be hit with such speed and accuracy that the opponent is
unable to return the shot successfully. The game can either be fast or slow-paced, depending on
the skill level of the players.


  1. Keep a firm grip on the racket.
  2. Be careful not to hit your partner with the racket.
  3. Stay in your own court to avoid the possibility of collision with other players.
  4. Stop play if other players enter your court.
  5. Wait until there is a stop in the action to retrieve a bird from another court.
  6. Be aware of the walls and the net posts.
  7. Before play, agree on the boundaries and determine the first server.
  8. Players call their own lines; replay the point if in doubt.
  9. Shake hands after the game/match.


  1. Rackets are fragile. But avoid striking the floor, wall, net, posts, or your partner. Also
    avoid flipping, throwing, or twirling rackets.
  2. Shuttlecocks should be handled by the tips only. Birds caught in the net should be
    removed carefully.
  3. Each student is responsible for reporting any damaged rackets to the instructor.
  4. Rackets are returned to the proper slot and birds to the basket at the end of each
    Game Rules/Scoring

Game Rules/Scoring


  1. Singles – one player on a side.
  2. Doubles – two players on a side.
  3. Mixed Doubles – one male and one female partner opposing a male and female


  1. Rally scoring allows for a point to be won by either team regardless of which
    the team is serving.
  2. Both singles and doubles games are won with 21 points.
  3. The side winning a rally adds a point to their score.
  4. At 20 all, the side that gains a 2-point lead first wins that game.
  5. At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point wins that game.
  6. In the third game of singles and doubles, players change sides when a side scores
    11 points.
  7. A match is won by winning two out of three games.

General Rules/Regulations

  1. Serving
    a. The server must keep both feet in contact with the floor at the time of the
    b. The bird must be contacted below the waist.
    c. The racket head must be below the server’s wrist.
    d. The server should not serve until the receiver is ready; the opponent is deemed
    ready if a return is attempted.
    e. Partners of the server and receiver may stand anywhere on the court providing
    they do not obstruct the opponent’s view.
    f. A bird that touches the net on the serve and goes into the proper service court
    is legal.
    g. If the server misses the bird on the serve attempt, it still counts. In singles and
    doubles, the serve would go to the opponent.
  2. Serving Order – Singles
    a. At the beginning of the game (0-0) and when the server’s score is even, the
    serve will begin from the right service court. When the server’s score is odd,
    the serve will be from the left service court.
    b. If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and will then serve again
    from the alternate service court.
    c. If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new
    server. So they serve from the appropriate service court – left if the score is odd
    and right if it is even. Badminton.

Serving Order-

  1. Serving Order – Doubles
    a. A team will only have one player serve, per “service”.
    b. At the beginning of the game and when the score is even (0,2,4,6, etc.) the server
    serves from the right service court. When it is odd (1,3,5,7, etc.) the server serves
    from the left service court.
    c. If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same server
    serves again from the alternate service court.
    d. If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The receiving
    side becomes the new serving side.
    e. The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point
    when their side is serving.
  2. The winners of the first game serve first in the next game.
  3. Birds falling on the lines are considered good.
  4. During a rally, a bird that touches the net and goes over is in play.
  5. A fault (violation of rules) occurs if:
    a. On the service, any part of the racket head is higher than the server’s wrist and
    contact is made above the waist.
    b. The service fails to cross the net or go into the proper service court.
    c. The feet of the server and receiver are not in the proper courts at the time of service.
    d. The server hesitates or stops (feint/balk) the service motion or misses the bird.
    e. The improper receiver returns the bird on the serve.
    f. A bird hit into the net, under the net, against the wall or ceiling is out-of-bounds.
    g. A player hits the bird before it crosses the net.
    h. The bird touches a player or clothing.
    i. The player touches the net while the bird is in play.
    j. The bird is hit twice in succession by one/both partners.
    k. The bird is held, caught, or carried on the racket when struck.
    l. A player obstructs an opponent.
  6. Let (a play allowed to be replayed)
    a. The bird becomes caught in or on the net after passing over the net.
    b. The bird hits the basketball supports or net.
    c. The following situations occur before the next serve and if the offending side
    wins the rally:
  7. The correct server serves from the wrong court.
  8. The wrong server serves from either the correct/incorrect service court.
  9. The correct receiver receives in the wrong court. Badminton.

Basic Skills
A. Grip

  1. Forehand – with the racket head perpendicular to the floor, shake hands with
    the grip so the “V” formed by the thumb and forefinger is on the top of the
  2. Backhand – using a forehand grip, rotate the hand slightly so the thumb is
    along and parallel to the wide side of the handle.
    B. Footwork
  3. Move toward the shot with short steps and end with a long stride.
  4. In the ready position, the racket is held high, the knees are slightly bent, and
    the body weight is on the balls of the feet.
    C. Strokes
    By using the same motion for all shots, the opponent is unable to detect what shot you are
    going to make until the bird is actually hit. A good wrist action allows more power and
    control with much less effort. So a forehand stroke is one from the dominant side; the
    backhand stroke is from the non-dominant side. The racket is swung back, the arm is
    bent with the elbow up, the wrist is cocked, and the body weight is placed on the back
    foot. From this position, the stroke is made by throwing the hand at the point of contact
    between the bird and racket with weight being transferred to the forward foot. If possible,
    shots should be made with an overhand stroke. Badminton.
  5. Clear – a shot used to drive your opponent away from the net or forecourt or
    to slow the game. The bird should fly above the opponent’s reach and fall
    within one foot of the baseline.
  6. Smash – an attacking shot made at the limit of one’s upward reach and
    slightly in front of the shoulder. At the moment of contact, the arm and wrist
    come down forcibly.
  7. Drive – A flat shot kept as low as possible and is second only to the smash as
    an attacking shot.
  8. Drop Shot – any shot that drops immediately after crossing the net. The
    descent of the bird is control with little follow-through.
  9. Net Shot – any shot played as near to the net as possible, controlled by wrist
    and forearm. The hairpin shot is an example of a net shot.
    D. Serves
  10. High and deep (singles) – take a position near and on the proper side of the
    center line and about four feet behind the short service line. Drop the bird on
    the racket side and swing the racket forward.
  11. Low and short (doubles) – take a position closer to the front service line.
    The racket is swung forward with little follow-through.
  12. Drive (flick) – a quick snap of the wrist in the backhand grip with the bird
    held directly in front of the body. The bird travels in a direct line at the
    receiver. Badminton.

Playing Strategy

A. Singles – serve long most of the time. Return a high serve with a drop or clear.
Build the game plan on a basis of alternate drop and clear shots, and then
use the smash/drive as openings occur. Run your opponent from the front to
back and from side to side of the court.
B. Doubles – make shots, the return of which will leave an opening for your partner
to play a winning shot. Never play a shot that leaves your partner open to
smashes. But always make an attacking shot. This implies that all shots should be
hit down. Most serves should be short and low. Attack short serves when

  1. Side-by side – each partner is responsible for half of the playing court, net
    to baseline.
  2. Up-and-back – one member plays the front portion of the court, operating
    from the centerline and just behind the short service line. The partner
    plays the rear portion of the court from the centerline and just in front of
    the double rear service line.
  3. Up/back rotation – combines the two doubles’ strategies, using the side-by-side position for defense, and up and back formation for the attack.


  1. Alley – an extension of the width of the court on both sides to be use in doubles
  2. Backhand – any stroke made on the side of the body opposite the racket side.
  3. Baseline – back boundary line.
  4. Bird – the object that flies over the net, officially known as a shuttlecock.
  5. Block – placing the racket in front of the bird and letting it rebound into the
    opponent’s court.
  6. Carry – momentarily holding the bird on the racket during the execution of a stroke.
  7. Clear – a high shot that falls close to the baseline.
  8. Double hit – contacting the bird twice in succession on the same stroke.
  9. Doubles – a game of four players, two on each team.
  10. Drive – a hard stroke that just clears the net on a horizontal plane.
  11. Drop – a shot made that barely clears the net with little speed.
  12. Fault – any violation of the rules whose penalty is loss of serve or the point.
  13. Forehand – any stroke made on the racket side of the body.
  14. Hairpin (net) stroke – shot made from below and very close to the net with the bird
    just clearing the net and dropping sharply downward.
  15. Home position – the ideal spot for awaiting the opponent’s return.
  16. Let – a play allowed to be a replay.
  17. Match – best two out of three games.
  18. Odd and even courts – in singles, the right half of the court is “even” and the left half
    of the court is “odd.” When the even player is serving from the right the score is
    even, and odd when serving from the left.
  19. Rally – rapid returns made by players.
  20. Ready position – an alert body position enabling quick movement in any direction.
  21. Receiver – the player to whom the bird is serve.
  22. Server – the player who puts the bird in play.
  23. Shuttlecock – the feathered/plastic object that is hit back and forth in badminton.
  24. Singles – a game involving one player on each end of the court.
  25. Sling – an untrue hit, usually because of the bird momentarily resting on the racket.
  26. Smash – a powerful overhand stroke that sends the bird downward over the net.
  27. Stroke – the action of striking the bird with the racket.
  28. Toss/spin – the method of deciding which side will serve first at the beginning of the


See activity unit breakdown, fitness grade breakdown, and final grading scale under NC/SC
Grading Policy at the front of the Study Guide. Badminton.

Technique Description/Skill Tests

Specific skills for activity units are taught on a regular basis. In some units, demonstrated
knowledge of skills may be obtaine through some form of skill testing. This testing is not
outcome based. For more details click here